give

give
[[t]gɪv[/t]]
v. gave, giv•en, giv•ing, n.
1) to present voluntarily and without expecting compensation:
to give a birthday present to someone[/ex]
2) to hand to someone:
Give me that plate, please[/ex]
3) to place in someone's care:
I gave the folders to your assistant[/ex]
4) to grant (permission, opportunity, etc.) to someone:
Give me a chance[/ex]
5) to impart or communicate:
to give advice; to give a cold to someone[/ex]
6) to set forth or show; present; offer:
to give no reason for one's actions[/ex]
7) to pay or transfer possession to another in exchange for something:
They gave five dollars for the picture[/ex]
8) to furnish, provide, or proffer:
to give evidence[/ex]
9) to provide as an entertainment or social function:
to give a Halloween party[/ex]
10) to administer:
to give medicine to a patient[/ex]
11) to put forth, emit, or utter; issue:
to give a cry[/ex]
12) to assign or admit as a basis of calculation or reasoning (usu. used passively):
These facts being given, the theory makes sense[/ex]
13) to produce, yield, or afford:
to give good results[/ex]
14) to make, do, or perform:
to give a lurch[/ex]
15) to perform or present publicly:
to give a concert[/ex]
16) to cause; be responsible for (usu. fol. by an infinitive):
They gave me to understand that you would be there[/ex]
17) to care about something to the value or extent of (something signifying “even a little bit”):
I don't give a hoot about their opinion. Frankly, I don't give a damn![/ex]
18) to relinquish or sacrifice:
to give one's life for a cause[/ex]
19) to convey or transmit:
Give Grandma my love[/ex]
20) to assign or allot:
They gave him the nickname “Scooter.”[/ex]
21) to bestow (the object of one's choice), as if by providence:
Give me the wide open spaces anytime[/ex]
22) to connect, as through a switchboard:
Give me 235-7522[/ex]
23) to present to an audience:
Ladies and gentlemen, I give you the governor of Texas[/ex]
24) to attribute or ascribe:
to give the devil his due[/ex]
25) to cause:
Strawberries give me a rash[/ex]
26) to apply fully or freely; devote:
to give one's attention to a problem[/ex]
27) to award by verdict or after consideration:
A decision was given for the defendant[/ex]
28) to inflict as a punishment on another; impose a sentence of:
The judge gave him ten years[/ex]
29) to pledge, offer as a pledge, or execute and deliver:
She gave him her word[/ex]
30) to propose as the subject of a toast (fol. by an indirect object):
Ladies and gentlemen, I give you our country[/ex]
31) to bear to a man; deliver (fol. by an indirect object):
She gave him a beautiful baby boy[/ex]
32) to sire upon a woman; father (fol. by an indirect object):
He gave her two children in four years[/ex]
33) to concede or grant, as a point in an argument
34) to make a gift or gifts; contribute:
to give to the United Way[/ex]
35) to yield somewhat, as to influence or force; compromise:
Each side must give on some points[/ex]
36) to yield somewhat when subjected to weight, force, pressure, etc.:
A horsehair mattress doesn't give much[/ex]
37) to collapse; break down; fall apart:
The old chair gave when I sat on it[/ex]
38) to be warm and open in relationships with others:
a withdrawn person who doesn't know how to give[/ex]
39) inf Informal. to divulge information:
Okay now, give! What happened?[/ex]
40) to afford a view or passage; face, open, or lead (usu. fol. by on, onto, etc.):
This door gives onto the hallway[/ex]
41) phv give away
a) to give as a present; bestow
b) to present (the bride) to the bridegroom in a marriage ceremony
c) phv to disclose, betray, or expose
42) phv give back, to return (something), as to the owner; restore
43) phv give in
a) to acknowledge defeat; yield
b) to hand in; deliver:
to give in one's timecard[/ex]
44) phv give of, to devote or contribute generously of:
to give of oneself[/ex]
45) phv give off, to put forth; emit:
The gardenia gives off a strong fragrance[/ex]
46) phv give out
a) to send out; emit
b) to make public; announce
c) to distribute; issue
d) phv to become exhausted or used up
47) phv give over
a) to put into the care or custody of; transfer
b) to submit fully:
She gave herself over to tears[/ex]
c) to devote to a specified activity:
The day was given over to relaxing[/ex]
d) to cease; stop:
to give over complaining[/ex]
48) phv give up
a) to abandon hope; despair
b) to desist from; renounce:
to give up smoking[/ex]
c) phv to surrender; relinquish
d) phv to devote (oneself) entirely to
49) the quality or state of being resilient; springiness
Etymology: bef. 900; ME given (with g- < Scand; cf. early Dan give), yiven, yeven, OE gefan, giefan, c. OOHG geban, Go giban giv′er, n. syn: give, confer, grant, present mean that something concrete or abstract is bestowed on one person by another. give is the general word: to give someone a book. confer usu. means to give as an honor or as a favor; it implies courteous and gracious giving: to confer a medal. grant is usu. limited to the idea of acceding to a request or fulfilling an expressed wish; it often involves a formal act or legal procedure: to grant a prayer; to grant immunity. present, a more formal word than give, usu. implies a certain ceremony in the giving: to present an award.

From formal English to slang. 2014.

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